时间:2020-05-21 来源:文都网校 浏览: 分享:


      经典名句-英文:The indolence of the people was in contrast to the voracity of oblivion, which little by little was undermining memories in a pitiless way..


    2021考研英语阅读练习资料: 百年孤独第18章(1)

      AURELIANO DID NOT leave Melquíades?room for a long time. He learned by heart the fantastic legends of the crumbling books, the synthesis of the studies of Hermann the Cripple, the notes on the science of demonology, the keys to the philosopher’s stone, the Centuries of Nostradamus and his research concerning the plague, so that he reached adolescence without knowing a thing about his own time but with the basic knowledge of a medieval man. Any time that Santa Sofía de la Piedad would go into his room she would find him absorbed in his reading. At dawn she would bring him a mug of coffee without sugar and at noon a plate of rice and slices of fried plantain, which were the only things eaten in the house since the death of Aureliano Segundo. She saw that his hair was cut, picked off the nits, took in to his size the old clothing that she found in forgotten trunks, and when his mustache began to appear the brought him Colonel Aureliano Buendía’s razor and the small gourd he had used as a shaving mug. None of the latter’s children had looked so much like him, not even Aureliano Jos? particularly in respect to the prominent cheekbones and the firm and rather pitiless line of the lips. As had happened to ?rsula with Aureliano Segundo when the latter was studying in the room, Santa Sofía de la Piedad thought that Aureliano was talking to himself. Actually, he was talking to Melquíades. One burning noon, a short time after the death of the twins, against the light of the window he saw the gloomy old man with his crow’s-wing hat like the materialization of a memory that had been in his head since long before he was born. Aureliano had finished classifying the alphabet of the parchments, so that when Melquíades asked him if he had discovered the language in which they had been written he did not hesitate to answer.

      奥雷连诺。 布恩蒂亚 在梅尔加德斯房间里又度过了一些漫长的岁月。在这个房间里,他背诵破书中的幻想故事,阅读赫尔曼。克里珀修士的学说简述,看看关于鬼神学的短评,了解点金石的寻找方法,细读诺斯特拉达马斯的《世纪》和他关于瘟疫的研究文章,就这样跨过了少年时代;他对自己的时代没有任何概念,却掌握了中世纪人类最重要的科学知识。圣索菲娅。 德拉佩德无论什么时刻走进房间,总碰见奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚在埋头看书。一大早,她给他送来一杯清咖啡,晌午又给他送来一碗米饭和几小片炸香蕉——奥雷连诺第二死后家里的一种吃食。她给他剪头发、蓖头屑,给他改做收藏在箱子里的旧外衣和旧衬衫;见他脸上长了胡子,又给他拿来奥雷连诺上校的刮脸刀和剃胡子用的水杯。梅梅的这个儿子比上校自己的亲儿子更象上校,甚至比奥雷连诺·霍塞更象上校,特别是他那突出的颧骨,坚毅而傲慢的嘴巴,更加强了这种相似。 从前,一听到坐在梅尔加德斯房间里的奥雷连诺第二开口,乌苏娜就以为他似乎在自言自语,如今圣索菲娅·德拉佩德对奥雷连诺。布恩蒂亚也有同样的想法。事实上,奥雷连诺。布恩蒂亚(即前面所说的小奥雷连诺。)是在跟梅尔加德斯谈话。一对孪生兄弟死后不久,一个酷热的晌午,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚在明亮的窗子背景上看见一个阴森的老头儿,戴着乌鸦翅膀似的宽边帽;这个老头儿好象是奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚出生之前很久的某个模糊形象的化身。那时,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚已经完成羊皮纸手稿全部字母的分类工作。所以,梅尔加德斯问他知不知道是用哪一种文字作的这些记录时,他毫不犹豫地回答:

      “Sanskrit,?he said.


      Melquíades revealed to him that his opportunities to return to the room were limited. But he would go in peace to the meadows of the ultimate death because Aureliano would have time to learn Sanskrit during the years remaining until the parchments became one hundred years old, when they could be deciphered. It was he who indicated to Aureliano that on the narrow street going down to the river, where dreams had been interpreted during the time of the banana company, a wise Catalonian had a bookstore where there was a Sanskrit primer, which would be eaten by the moths within six years if he did not hurry to buy it. For the first time in her long life Santa Sofía de la Piedad let a feeling show through, and it was a feeling of wonderment when Aureliano asked her to bring him the book that could be found between Jerusalem Delivered and Milton’s poems on the extreme right-hand side of the second shelf of the bookcases. Since she could not read, she memorized what he had said and got some money by selling one ofthe seventeen little gold fishes left in the workshop, the whereabouts of which, after being hidden the night the soldiers searched the house, was known only by her and Aureliano. Aureliano made progress in his studies of Sanskrit as Melquíades?visits became less and less frequent and he was more distant, fading away in the radiant light of noon. The last time that Aureliano sensed him he was only an invisible presence who murmured: “I died of fever on the sands of Singapore.?The room then became vulnerable to dust, heat, termites, red ants, and moths, who would turn the wisdom of the parchments into sawdust.

      梅尔加德斯说,他能看到自己这个房间的日子剩得不多了。不过,在羊皮纸手稿满一百周年之前的这些年月里,他一旦知道奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚学会了梵文,能够破译它们,他将放心地走到最终死亡的葬身地去。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚正是从他那儿得知,香蕉公司还在这儿的时候,在人们占卜未来和圆梦的那条朝着小河的小街上,有一个博学的加泰隆尼亚人开设的一家书店,那儿就有梵文语法书,他应当赶紧弄到它,否则六年之后它就会被蛀虫蛀坏。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚忙请圣索菲娅·德拉佩德去给他买这本书,此书是放在书架第二排右角《解放的耶路撒冷》和密尔顿诗集之间的。在自己漫长的生活中,圣索菲娅·德拉佩德心中第一次不由自主地产生一种奇特的感觉。圣索菲娅·德拉佩德不识字,她只好背熟奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚的话,为了弄到买书的钱,她卖掉了藏在首饰作坊里的十七条小金鱼当中的一条;那天晚上士兵们搜查住宅之后。只有她和奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚知道这些小金鱼放在哪儿。奥雷连诺。 布恩蒂亚在梵文学习中取得一些成绩之后,梅加泰隆尼亚系西班牙西北部的一个地区。尔加德斯来的次数越来越少了,变得越来越遥远了,逐渐消溶在晌午那种令人目眩的强光中了。老头儿最后一次来的时候,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚甚至没有看见他,只是感到他那虚无飘渺的存在,辨别出了他那勉强使人能够听清的低语声:“我患疟疾死在新加坡的沙滩上了。”从那一天起,梅尔加德斯的房间里开始毫无阻拦地钻进了灰尘、热气、白蚂蚁、红蚂蚁和蛀虫一——这些蛀虫将把书籍和羊皮纸手稿连同它们那些玄奥的内容一起变成废物。

      There was no shortage of food in the house. The day after the death of Aureliano Segundo, one of the friends who had brought the wreath with the irreverent inscription offered to pay Fernanda some money that he had owed her husband. After that every Wednesday a delivery boy brought a basket of food that was quite sufficient for a week. No one ever knew that those provisions were being sent by Petra Cotes with the idea that the continuing charity was a way of humiliating the person who had humiliated her. Nevertheless, the rancor disappeared much sooner than she herself had expected, and then she continued sending the food out of pride and finally out of compassion. Several times, when she had no animals to raffle off and people lost interest in the lottery, she went without food so that Fernanda could have something to eat, and she continued fulfilling the pledge to herself until she saw Fernanda’s funeral procession pass by.

      家里并不缺少吃的。但是奥雷连诺第二死后第二天,在送那只写了一句不恭敬题词的花圈的人当中,有一个朋友向菲兰达提出,要付清从前欠她亡夫的钱。从这一天起,每星期三,就有一个人来到这儿,手里提着一只装满各种食物的藤篮,藤篮里的食物吃一个星期还绰绰有余。家里谁也不知道·这些食物都是佩特娜。 柯特送来的,她以为固定的施舍是贬低那个曾经贬低她的人的一种有效方式。其实,佩特娜·柯特心里的怒气消失得比她自己预料得还快,就这样,奥雷连诺第二昔日的情妇,最初是出于自豪,后来则是出于同情,继续给他的寡妇送食物来。过了一些日子,佩特娜·柯特没有足够的力量出售彩票了,人们对抽彩也失去了兴趣。当时,她自己也饥肠辘辘地坐着,却还供养菲兰达,依然尽着自己肩负的责任,直到目睹对方入葬。

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