时间:2020-03-13 来源:文都网校 浏览: 分享:


      经典名句-英文:The evil assumption—that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral beings, that all Negro men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption one associates with mindsof their caliber.



      “Did she frighten you?” asked Atticus.

      “No sir,” said Jem, “but she’s so nasty. She has fits or somethin‘. She spits a lot.”

      “She can’t help that. When people are sick they don’t look nice sometimes.”

      “She scared me,” I said.

      Atticus looked at me over his glasses. “You don’t have to go with Jem, you know.”

      The next afternoon at Mrs. Dubose’s was the same as the first, and so was the next,until gradually a pattern emerged: everything would begin normally—that is, Mrs.






      The next afternoon at Mrs. Dubose’s was the same as the first, and so was the next,until gradually a pattern emerged: everything would begin normally—that is, Mrs.

      Dubose would hound Jem for a while on her favorite subjects, her camellias and ourfather’s nigger-loving propensities; she would grow increasingly silent, then go awayfrom us. The alarm clock would ring, Jessie would shoo us out, and the rest of the daywas ours.

      “Atticus,” I said one evening, “what exactly is a nigger-lover?”

      Atticus’s face was grave. “Has somebody been calling you that?”

      “No sir, Mrs. Dubose calls you that. She warms up every afternoon calling you that.

      Francis called me that last Christmas, that’s where I first heard it.”

      “Is that the reason you jumped on him?” asked Atticus.

      “Yes sir…”

      “Then why are you asking me what it means?”

      I tried to explain to Atticus that it wasn’t so much what Francis said that had infuriatedme as the way he had said it. “It was like he’d said snot-nose or somethin‘.”









      “Scout,” said Atticus, “nigger-lover is just one of those terms that don’t meananything—like snot-nose. It’s hard to explain—ignorant, trashy people use it when theythink somebody’s favoring Negroes over and above themselves. It’s slipped into usagewith some people like ourselves, when they want a common, ugly term to labelsomebody.”

      “You aren’t really a nigger-lover, then, are you?”

      “I certainly am. I do my best to love everybody… I’m hard put, sometimes—baby, it’snever an insult to be called what somebody thinks is a bad name. It just shows you howpoor that person is, it doesn’t hurt you. So don’t let Mrs. Dubose get you down. She hasenough troubles of her own.”




      One afternoon a month later Jem was ploughing his way through Sir Walter Scout, asJem called him, and Mrs. Dubose was correcting him at every turn, when there was aknock on the door. “Come in!” she screamed.

      Atticus came in. He went to the bed and took Mrs. Dubose’s hand. “I was coming fromthe office and didn’t see the children,” he said. “I thought they might still be here.”

      Mrs. Dubose smiled at him. For the life of me I could not figure out how she couldbring herself to speak to him when she seemed to hate him so. “Do you know what timeit is, Atticus?” she said. “Exactly fourteen minutes past five. The alarm clock’s set forfive-thirty. I want you to know that.”




      It suddenly came to me that each day we had been staying a little longer at Mrs.

      Dubose’s, that the alarm clock went off a few minutes later every day, and that she waswell into one of her fits by the time it sounded. Today she had antagonized Jem fornearly two hours with no intention of having a fit, and I felt hopelessly trapped. Thealarm clock was the signal for our release; if one day it did not ring, what would we do?

      “I have a feeling that Jem’s reading days are numbered,” said Atticus.

      “Only a week longer, I think,” she said, “just to make sure…”

      Jem rose. “But—”

      Atticus put out his hand and Jem was silent. On the way home, Jem said he had to doit just for a month and the month was up and it wasn’t fair.






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