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2021考研英语阅读练习资料:百年孤独第2章(1)

时间:2020-01-20 09:57:10 来源:文都网校 分享:

  2021考研英语阅读怎么训练自己才能得到提高呢?每天阅读一篇英语文章,保持语感,熟悉英文的说话方式,对大家在进行2021考研英语考试的时候非常有帮助,文都网校考研小编为大家带来今天的阅读练习资料:百年孤独。一起来看看吧~

  经典名句-英文:longed for the whole world of loneliness, resentment biting his heart.

  经典名句-译文:人们一派懈怠,而遗忘却日益贪婪。

  2021考研英语阅读练习资料:百年孤独第2章(1)

  WHEN THE PIRATE Sir Francis Drake attacked Riohacha in the sixteenth century, úrsula Iguarán's great-great-grandmother became so frightened with the ringing of alarm bells and the firing of cannons that she lost control of her nerves and sat down on a lighted stove. The burns changed her into a useless wife for the rest of her days. She could only sit on one side, cushioned by pillows, and something strange must have happened to her way of walking, for she never walked again in public. She gave up all kinds of social activity, obsessed with the notion that her body gave off a singed odor. Dawn would find her in the courtyard, for she did not dare fall asleep lest she dream of the English and their ferocious attack dogs as they came through the windows of her bedroom to submit her to shameful tortures with their red-hot irons. Her husband, an Aragonese merchant by whom she had two children, spent half the value of his store on medicines and pastimes in an attempt to alleviate her terror. Finally he sold thebusiness and took the family to live far from the sea in a settlement of peaceful Indians located in the foothills, where he built his wife a bedroom without windows so that the pirates of her dream would have no way to get in.

  十六世纪,海盗弗兰西斯·德拉克围攻列奥阿察的时候,乌苏娜。伊古阿兰的曾祖母被当当的警钟声和隆隆的炮击声吓坏了,由于神经紧张,竞一屁股坐在生了火的炉子上。因此,曾祖母受了严重的的伤,再也无法过夫妻生活。她只能用半个屁股坐着,而且只能坐在软垫子上,步态显然也是不雅观的;所以,她就不愿在旁人面前走路了。她认为自己身上有一股焦糊味儿,也就拒绝跟任何人交往。她经常在院子里过夜,一直呆到天亮,不敢走进卧室去睡觉:因为她老是梦见英国人带着恶狗爬进窗子,用烧红的铁器无耻地刑讯她。她给丈夫生了两个儿子;她的丈夫是亚拉冈的商人,把自己的一半钱财都用来医治妻子,希望尽量减轻她的痛苦。最后,他盘掉自己的店铺,带者一家人远远地离开海滨,到了印第安人的一个村庄,村庄是在山脚下,他在那儿为妻子盖了一座没有窗子的住房,免得她梦中的海盗钻进屋子。

  In that hidden village there was a native-born tobacco planter who had lived there for some time, Don José Arcadio Buendía, with whom úrsula's great-great--grandfather established a partnership that was so lucrative that within a few years they made a fortune. Several centuries later the great-great-grandson of the native-born planter married the great-great-granddaugh-ter of the Aragonese. Therefore, every time that úrsula became exercised over her husband's mad ideas, she would leap back over three hundred years of fate and curse the day that Sir Francis Drake had attacked Riohacha. It was simply a way. of giving herself some relief, because actually they were joined till death by a bond that was more solid that love: a common prick of conscience. They were cousins. They had grown up together in the old village that both of their ancestors, with their work and their good habits, had transformed into one of the finest towns in the province. Although their marriage was predicted from the time they had come into the world, when they expressed their desire to be married their own relatives tried to stop it. They were afraid that those two healthy products of two races that had interbred over the centuries would suffer the shame of breeding iguanas. There had already been a horrible precedent. An aunt of úrsula's, married to an uncle of José Arcadio Buendía, had a son who went through life wearing loose, baggy trousers and who bled to death after having lived forty-two years in the purest state of virginity, for he had been born and had grown up with a cartilaginous tail in the shape of a corkscrew and with a small tuft of hair on the tip. A pig's tail that was never allowed to be seen by any woman and that cost him his life when a butcher friend did him the favor of chopping it off with his cleaver. José Arcadio Buendía, with the whimsy of his nineteen years, resolved the problem with a single phrase: "I don't care if I have piglets as long as they can talk." So they were married amidst a festival of fireworks and a brass band that went on for three days. They would have been happy from then on if úrsula's mother had not terrified her with all manner of sinister predictions about their offspring, even to the extreme of advising her to refuse to consummate the marriage. Fearing that her stout and willful husband would rape her while she slept, úrsula, before going to bed, would put on a rudimentary kind of drawers that her mother had made out of sailcloth and had reinforced with a system of crisscrossed leather straps and that was closed in the front by a thick iron buckle. That was how they lived for several months. During the day he would take care of his fighting cocks and she would do frame embroidery with her mother. At night they would wrestle for several hours in an anguished violence that seemed to be a substitute for the act of love, until popular intuition got a whiff of something irregular and the rumor spread that úrsula was still a virgin a year after her marriage because her husband was impotent. José Arcadio Buendía was the last one to hear the rumor.

  在这荒僻的村子里,早就有个两班牙人的后裔,叫做霍塞·阿卡蒂奥·布恩蒂亚,他是栽种烟草的;乌苏娜的曾祖父和他一起经营这桩有利可图的事业,短时期内两人都建立了很好的家业。多少年过去了,西班牙后裔的曾孙儿和亚拉冈人的曾孙女结了婚。每当大夫的荒唐行为使乌苏娜生气的时候,她就一下子跳过世事纷繁的三百年,咒骂弗兰西斯·德拉克围攻列奥阿察的那个日子。不过,她这么做,只是为了减轻心中的痛苦;实际上,把她跟他终生连接在一起的,是比爱情更牢固的关系:共同的良心谴责。乌苏娜和丈夫是表兄妹,他俩是在古老的村子里一块儿长大的,由于沮祖辈辈的垦殖,这个村庄已经成了今省最好的一个。尽管他俩之间的婚姻是他俩刚刚出世就能预见到的,然而两个年轻人表示结婚愿望的时候,双方的家长都反对。几百年来,两族的人是杂配的,他们生怕这两个健全的后代可能丢脸地生出一只蜥蜴。这样可怕的事已经发牛过一次。乌苏娜的婶婶嫁给霍·阿·布恩蒂亚的叔叔,生下了一个儿子:这个儿子一辈子部穿着肥大的灯笼裤,活到四十二岁还没结婚就流血而死,因为他生下来就长着一条尾巴——尖端有一撮毛的螺旋形软骨。这种名副其实的猪尾巴是他不愿让任何一个女人看见的,最终要了他的命,因为一个熟识的屠夫按照他的要求,用切肉刀把它割掉了。十九岁的霍·阿·布恩蒂亚无忧无虑地用一句话结束了争论:“我可不在乎生出猪崽子,只要它们会说话就行。”于是他俩在花炮声中举行了婚礼铜管乐队,一连闹腾了三个昼夜。在这以后,年轻夫妇本来可以幸福地生活,可是乌苏娜的母亲却对未来的后代作出不大吉利的预言,借以吓唬自己的女儿,甚至怂恿女儿拒绝按照章法跟他结合。她知道大夫是个力大、刚强的人,担心他在她睡着时强迫她,所以,她在上床之前,都穿上母亲拿厚帆布给她缝成的一条衬裤;衬裤是用交叉的皮带系住的,前面用一个大铁扣扣紧。夫妇俩就这样过了若干月。白天,他照料自己的斗鸡,她就和母亲一块儿在刺染上绣花。夜晚,年轻夫妇却陷入了烦恼而激烈的斗争,这种斗争逐渐代替了爱情的安慰。可是,机灵的邻人立即觉得情况不妙,而且村中传说,乌苏娜出嫁一年以后依然是个处女,因为丈大有点儿毛病。霍·阿·布恩蒂亚是最后听到这个谣言的。

  "Look at what people are going around saying, úrsula," he told his wife very calmly.

  “乌苏娜,你听人家在说什么啦,”他向妻子平静他说。

  "Let them talk," she said. "We know that it's not true."

  “让他们去嚼舌头吧,”她回答。“咱们知道那不是真的。”

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